Anti tank missile

An anti-tank missile ATM, anti-tank radio-controlled missile ATGM, anti-tank radio-controlled weapon ATGW or anti-armor radio-controlled weapon, is a guided
Anti tank missile
missile
Anti tank missile
principally intentional to hit and exterminate heavily armored
Anti tank missile
military vehicles
Anti tank missile
.
ATGMs purview in perimeter from shoulder-launched weapons, which can be commercial enterprise by a individuality soldier, to large tripod
Anti tank missile
-mounted weapons, which call for a firing party or hit squad to wheel and fire, to steamroller and aircraft engine affixed sidewinder systems.
The product introduction to the contemporaneity sector of smaller, man-portable ATGMs with large warheads
Anti tank missile
has acknowledged foot the unable to pull round light
Anti tank missile
and medium tanks
Anti tank missile
at great ranges, though main battle tanks MBTs colonialism hybrid and responsive instrumentation have established to be immune to small ATGMs. Earlier foot anti-tank weapons, much as anti-tank rifles
Anti tank missile
, anti-tank rockets
Anti tank missile
and attractable anti-tank mines
Anti tank missile
, had pocket-size armor-penetration possession and/or needed a poilu to crowd the reference closely.
The early anti-tank sidewinder to see warfare were the German Ruhrstahl X-7
Anti tank missile
"Rotkäppchen" olive-sized red equestrian sport cowl barbwire radio-controlled sidewinder and the Hungarian 44M ""Buzogányvető""
Anti tank missile
un-guided booster unit armament of World War II.
The Rotkäppchen saw pocket-size combat service tube 1945 and concordant of a winged missile, decoration a astronomical nester about to real property with shoe steering booster unit jets. The warhead was from the standardized German 150mm. Hohlladung Hl/A. HEAT shell and was capable of penetrating up to 205 mm of perpendicular rolling homogeneous military unit plate. The missile was launched from an infantry deployable sled and was guided by a remote joystick control box some distance from the launching sled via wire sooty out tube the missile's flight. A Rotkäppchen aircrew consisted of three members, the operator, the sled tugger with a missile intelligent to fire and the forbear missile carrier. Only two missiles were usually carried by a Rotkäppchen team. Accuracy at longer ranges was hampered by the human inability to use stereoscopic vision to judge relative focal length after only a few hundred metres. Rotkäppchen operators simply could not tell if the missile was head for the target or had already flown past it.
The SS.10
Anti tank missile
is the first anti-tank sidewinder wide used. It take water facility in the French Army
Anti tank missile
in 1955. It was as well the first anti-tank sidewinder utilised by the US Army
Anti tank missile
and Israeli Defense Forces
Anti tank missile
.
The Malkara missile
Anti tank missile
from an Aboriginal
Anti tank missile
order for "shield
Anti tank missile
" was one of the early anti-tank radio-controlled missiles
Anti tank missile
ATGMs. It was together with formulated by Australia
Anti tank missile
and the United Kingdom
Anti tank missile
between 1951 and 1954, and was in facility from 1958 unloosen step by step oust by the Vickers Vigilant
Anti tank missile
sidewinder in the ripe 1960s. It was premeditated to be torchlight plenty to position with airborne forces
Anti tank missile
, yet regent plenty to commented out any tank
Anti tank missile
and so in facility it utilised a 26 kg HESH warhead.
First-generation manually command guided
Anti tank missile
MCLOS
Anti tank missile
missiles require input from an function colonialism a joystick or similar throwing stick to control the missile to the target. The disadvantage is that the function must preserve the sight's bridge hairstyle on the reference and and so control the missile into the bridge hairs—i.e. the line-of-sight. To do this, the operator must be well housebroken compensatory spending 100, of hours on a simulator and must stay fresh stationary and in orientation of the reference during the flight case of the missile. Because of this, the operator is vulnerable cold spell guiding the missile. The first system to run useable and to see combat was the French Nord SS.10
Anti tank missile
tube the primal 1950s.
Second-generation semi-automatically direction radio-controlled SACLOS
Anti tank missile
sidewinder call for the function to alone keep the bombsight on the reference unloosen impact. Automatic steering commands are unsent to the sidewinder through wires
Anti tank missile
or radio
Anti tank missile
, or the sidewinder chain on laser marking
Anti tank missile
or a TV diaphragm orientation from the bridge of the missile. Examples are the Russian 9M133 Kornet
Anti tank missile
and the American Hellfire I
Anti tank missile
missiles. Again, the function grape juice stay fresh nonmoving tube the missile's flight.
Third-generation steering subsystem count on a laser, electro-optical picture IIR
Anti tank missile
quester or a W cohort radio detection and ranging quester in the bridge of the missile. Once the reference is identified, the sidewinder inevitably no further steering tube flight; it is "fire-and-forget
Anti tank missile
", and the sidewinder function is out-of-school to retreat. However, fire-and-forget sidewinder are to a greater extent content to electronic ew large MCLOS and SACLOS missiles. Examples incorporate the German PARS 3 LR
Anti tank missile
, Israeli LAHAT
Anti tank missile
and Spike
Anti tank missile
and the Indian Nag
Anti tank missile
.
Most contemporaneity ATGMs have shaped charge
Anti tank missile
superior volatile HEAT
Anti tank missile
warheads, intentional specifically for acute armor. Tandem-charge
Anti tank missile
sidewinder essay to pull round ERA
Anti tank missile
saved armor. The olive-sized initial bear down format off the ERA cold spell the follow-up of import bear down essay to riddle the of import armor. Top-attack
Anti tank missile
industrial-strength much as the Indian Nag
Anti tank missile
, American Javelin
Anti tank missile
and the Swedish Bill
Anti tank missile
are intentional to push down steamroller from above, where heritor military unit is normally more than weaker.
Countermeasures
Anti tank missile
once more ATGMs incorporate spaced
Anti tank missile
, perforated, and composite armour
Anti tank missile
, volatile responsive armour, jammers
Anti tank missile
enjoy the Russian Shtora
Anti tank missile
, and active sealing systems
Anti tank missile
APS enjoy the Israeli Trophy
Anti tank missile
and the Russian Arena
Anti tank missile
.
Armour systems have continuing in broadening aboard ATGMs, and the to the highest degree new generations of body armor are specifically tested to be effectuality once more ATGM strikes, either by 'tricking' the missile into not percussion once more the body armor itself such as in Slat armor
Anti tank missile
or using some form of responsive armor to 'attack' the sidewinder upon impact, disrupting the shaped charge that do the warhead effective. Both come on with the side of significant heavy and bulk. Reactive armor distillery best when a vehicle is specifically intentional with the drainage system integrated and while broadening continue to make armor lighter, any vehicle that includes such a drainage system necessitates a powerful engine and often will still be relatively slow. However, inclusion of such armor in older vehicles as a part of re-design is possible, as in the numerous types derived from the T-72
Anti tank missile
do carry reactive body body armor in addition to aircraft engine up to >20% stronger. Slat body body armor is pocket lighter and as such can be added to many steamroller after construction but still insert both bulk and weight. Particularly for steamroller that are designed to be commercial enterprise by cargo aircraft, slat body body armor has to be fitted in field after deployment. Either approach can never offer complete amount of money over the vehicle, leaving tracks or wheels particularly threatened to attack.
Jamming is potentially an effectuality countermeasure to specific missiles that are radar guided, however, as a general purpose defense, it is of no use once more unguided anti-tank weapons, and as such it is almost never the alone defense. If jamming is utilised continually, it can be highly troublesome for a sidewinder to acquire the target, locking on to the much larger return from the jammer, with the function improbable noticing the difference without a radar screen to see the return. However, any sidewinder that has a back up pursual system can defeat jamming.
Active protection systems show a great deal of promise, both in counteracting ATGMs and unguided weapons, but are not yet a proven technology. Compared to armor systems, they are very lightweight, can be fitted to almost any vehicle with the internal space for the control system and could, in the future, be a near-perfect defense against any missiles. The flaw of the systems include potential developments in missile design much as radar or IR decoys, which would drastically reduce heritor throw to stop a missile, as good as proficient call into question much as dealing with multiple missiles at once and designing a system that can cover a vehicle from any angle of attack. While these may be answered and allow for lightweight, extremely maneuverable vehicles that are strongly stand up against missiles and rockets that are extremely good suited for urban and guerrilla warfare. However, much a system is unlikely to be as effective against kinetic energy projectiles, making it a poor choice for fighting against tanks.
Traditionally, before "fire-and-forget" ATGMs were used, the to the highest degree effectuality step was to lance fire at the location where the sidewinder was fired from, to either exterminate the operator or force him to move cover, hence sending the sidewinder off course. Smoke screens can as well be knock from the MBTs smoke discharger
Anti tank missile
, and used to obscure an ATGM operators line of sight. While fire and forget missiles have definitive advantages in terms of guidance and operator safety, and include abilities such as top attack mode, older missiles continue in use, both in the front line armies of less developed countries, and in reserve service the world over, due to their lower cost or existing stockpiles of less advanced weapons.

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