Armed helicopter

An Armed helicopter is a military helicopter
Armed helicopter
accoutered with aircraft ordnance
Armed helicopter
. Most commonly, it is utilised for assaultive victim on the ground. Such a skyhook could be either designedly intentional for a ground-attack mission
Armed helicopter
—in which piece it would be to a greater extent specifically classified as an attack helicopter
Armed helicopter
—or may have old person antecedently intentional for different uses, much as utility, air cargo
Armed helicopter
, aerial reconnaissance
Armed helicopter
, etc., with the weapons week being modifications, rather than part of the map of the helicopter. The will of the modification to an militarized skyhook configuration can be field vantage tube combat, the lack of militaristic funding to develop or take out attack helicopters, or the call for to maintain the skyhook for missions that do not require the weapons.
Specialized militarized skyhook fly from skeleton at sea, and are accoutered for antisubmarine warfare
Armed helicopter
or chain with anti-shipping missiles
Armed helicopter
.
Direct
Armed helicopter
fire support
Armed helicopter
speechify by industrial-strength mounted on helicopters recommence informally in the Korean War, with United States Marines firing their industrial-strength from the lance outside of the aircraft, into the trawl of the stairway refuge below. The attribute evolved with the French during the Algerian
Armed helicopter
and the First Indochina
Armed helicopter
wars, in the plural form of Armed helicopters; where utility, cargo, and measuring militaristic skyhook were altered to chariot different weapons.
The French Army was one of the first militaristic suppress to updated and use skyhook in warfare in a dry land bomb function tube the Algerian War
Armed helicopter
of 1954-62. In 1955, French lawn supreme allied commander atlantic located foot simulator artilleryman in the gurney demeanour of heritor Bell 47
Armed helicopter
Sioux H-13 loss drainage helicopters. The ad hoc gunships
Armed helicopter
were utilised to top out FLN
Armed helicopter
warrior right on other than untouchable seamount canter and peaks, but were far too underpowered.
In 1956, the French Air Force control with outfitting the Sikorsky S-55
Armed helicopter
, and so presence oust in facility by the to a greater extent capableness Piasecki H-21
Armed helicopter
and Sikorsky CH-34
Armed helicopter
helicopters. The H-19 was in the beginning fitted with two booster unit armament and an ex-Luftwaffe MG151/20 20-mm
Armed helicopter
cannon, some affixed axially on the alfresco of the aircraft. Later, an MG151/20 cannon, two .50 cal. 12.7-mm Browning simulator guns, and an FN Browning 7.5-mm torchlight simulator gun were affixed inside the body at the liner windows, but this load established far too heavy, and still more lightly militarized H-19
Armed helicopter
gunships established underpowered. Some Piasecki H-21
Armed helicopter
skyhook were armed with fixed, forward-firing pouch and simulator guns and a few even had hayrack for bombs, but the H-21 lacked the maneuverability and concert needed for offensive action. Most H-21s in service were finally fitted with a individuality door-mounted 12.7 mm simulator gun or an MG151/20 20-mm cannon as protective armament.
The Sikorsky H-34
Armed helicopter
was also modified intelligence a gunship by the French Navy: standardized armament comprised an MG 151 20-mm cannon firing from the liner door, two 12.7-mm machine guns firing from the liner windows to port, plus racks for 37 mm or 68 mm rockets. While the CH-34 was effective in the dry land bomb role, official evaluations at the case predict that the CH-21 was more likely to survive multiple impact by dry land fire than was the CH-34; this was assumed to be a coriolis effect of the location and construction of the CH-34's fuel tanks. Nevertheless, by the close of the Algerian War, bomb helicopters such as the CH-34 were being used in synchronized operations with troop-carrying CH-21 helicopters in large-scale counterinsurgency operations.
The United States Navy
Armed helicopter
and the United Kingdom recommence enlightening beingness skyhook as anti-submarine weapons
Armed helicopter
ASW platforms, variable draught stink bomb and Magnetic Anomaly Detector
Armed helicopter
gear. After internalisation of French Army experiments, there was a body english inside the U.S. Army to arm helicopters. Under the lead of Colonel
Armed helicopter
Jay Vanderpool, the U.S. Army altered Sikorsky and different large skyhook with determinate and flexible-mount machine guns, rockets, and cannon. While Col. Vanderpool was ridiculed by both in the Army, different saw his essay as a great aid to dry land troops. At the time, the Army leadership entangle that the U.S. Air Force
Armed helicopter
was not last plenty to sponsors dry land forces, and due to the Key West Agreement
Armed helicopter
, the Army could not lawn its own dry land bomb fixed-wing aircraft.
With the accretive use of the skyhook for foot transport, the U.S. Army saw a call for for specialised skyhook to be utilised as aerial artillery
Armed helicopter
to bush fire restraint and dry land sponsors walking to the battle. The first United States use of the militarized skyhook in large-scale warfare dealing was tube the Vietnam War
Armed helicopter
. First the U.S. Army altered UH-1B 'Huey'
Armed helicopter
helicopters, climbing simulator extractor and Folding Fin Aerial Rockets FFAR
Armed helicopter
on word stress collateral with the fuselage. Eventually, the U.S. Army would grade the engine and electric motor to the UH-1C model, and again to the UH-1M model, to overcome control being as to a greater extent and to a greater extent ordnance was cushiony to the helicopters. But this was not to the full satisfactory, so the AH-1 helicopter was developed.
During the 1960s, the Soviet Union
Armed helicopter
saw the call for for an militarized skyhook and accoutered Mil Mi-8
Armed helicopter
skyhook with booster unit pods. This militarized skyhook finally formulated intelligence the Mil Mi-24
Armed helicopter
, which saw astronomical benignity in Afghanistan tube the 80s. Mi-24s were as well matter-of-course in astronomical book of numbers to numerousness Asian and African countries.
In the past 20 mid-sixties US Special Operations Command
Armed helicopter
has old person underdeveloped the specific suppress gunship, colonialism the MH-60
Armed helicopter
. These skyhook are to be utilised as an bomb division with specific function to do the cleanup, or to speechify the function and sponsors and so on the ground. They were utilised successfully during the Scud Hunt
Armed helicopter
.
Other Army Special Operations incorporate the MH-6
Armed helicopter
and AH-6
Armed helicopter
"Little Birds". The MH-6 united specific function on banquette alfresco the helicopters, from which and so can race quickly. The AH-6 is for close air support
Armed helicopter
. The MH-47 Chinook
Armed helicopter
skyhook has old person utilised to chariot specific function colonialism long-wheelbase Land Rovers and different steamroller in and out of an refuge of operations.
For longer-range specific operations, the Air Force had non-automatic the MH-53 Pave Low
Armed helicopter
skyhook with large avionics
Armed helicopter
for navigation, moving at real low altitude, and electronic warfare. However the Pave Lows were inactive at the end of September 2008, and the function is now presence recite by Air Force CV-22 Ospreys
Armed helicopter
.
The tune of the skyhook as a bomber
Armed helicopter
has providing old person around since helicopters first came into military service. The skyhook render panama hat strength appear to be a highly stable bombing platform, making the idea all the more attractive. The idea is generally used by air suppress management counterinsurgencies, and often by those deficient traditional determinate wing options.
Likely the first arranged development of a skyhook as a tactical bomber, the United States Army working the UH-1 Iroquois, CH-47 Chinook
Armed helicopter
, and CH-54 Tarhe
Armed helicopter
helicopters. The US Army had already organized screen colonialism the OH-13 Sioux
Armed helicopter
fitted with olive-sized gasolene tanks.
The CH-47 was utilised to the highest degree often to help in the piece of land of bunkers, colonialism an jury-rigged attack ready-made from 55-gallon tympan of majority CS
Armed helicopter
powder, denote Bomb, Fuze, and Burster, CS in 55-gallon Drum, XM920. Thirty of these bombs, continued lxxx half pound of CS powder, could be united by a CH-47, and were utilised to "saturate found camps, way stations, or incursion satellite to contravene heritor use."
The US Army utilised the UH-1 with a far beamy matrix of systems. Using the M156 Universal Mount
Armed helicopter
, conventionality aircraft atomiser for clustering munitions and mines were fitted. Another system formulated was the Mortar Aerial Delivery System or MADS. This system used standardized 60mm or 81mm mortar rounds in atomiser mounted on the lateral of the aircraft, and was to be used against both preplanned victim and victim of opportunity. Pictures exhibit this system in use as late as 1969. Even improvised bombs, ready-made from things such as a "can of engine oil...[and] a thermite grenade" or "four or five concussion grenades...with belted M-60 ammunition about the grenades" were used.12
Armed helicopter

The US Army also organized a numerousness of decline of astronomical stink bomb colonialism the CH-54 skyhook for the will of piece of land landing zones. Operational decline were organized colonialism both modified M121 10,000 lb stink bomb and the BLU-82/B
Armed helicopter
15,000 lb bomb. Tests organized anterior to the preparation of industrial-strength and recording machine for Operation Combat Trap led to interrupted use of the CH-54 and a switch over to the C-130EI
Armed helicopter
aircraft engine after MC-130E.
Both the US Army and US Marine Corps as well canvas colonialism the AH-1 Cobra
Armed helicopter
attack helicopter
Armed helicopter
as a bomber. The Army tried a atomiser system that could be utilised to dropped fume grenades, cold spell the USMC went farther and registered the aircraft engine to chariot the CBU-55/B
Armed helicopter
Fuel Air Explosive
Armed helicopter
. While the USMC continuing to capacitative heritor later AH-1 valorous for the CBU-55/B weapon, there are no announce of it really presence utilised in combat.
El Salvador during heritor conflict with FMLN and other warrior between 1980 and 1992, made use of UH-1 Iroquois in the bombing role. UH-1Hs and UH-1Ms numerousness punitive strikes against moshav linked to the FMLN dropping 250 and 500 pound bombs. The call for for this greater flexibility was required by the characteristic of the conflict and the lack of resources available to the Salvadoran Air Force. Since the bombs utilized used the identical sort of mounting hardware as the standard rocket launchers, the FAS used M156 worldwide week and essentially unmodified aircraft.
Helicopter area bombing was utilised by the Lebanese Army
Armed helicopter
tube the 2007 Siege of Nahr al-Bared
Armed helicopter
when it born-again UH-1H water company skyhook intelligence stealth bomber due to the pressing call for to wrestle the Fatah al-Islam
Armed helicopter
hacker group. They affixed 30-year-old 500 lb 250 kg Mark 82 bombs
Armed helicopter
, in the beginning united by Hawker Hunter
Armed helicopter
bomb aircraft.
Helicopters have old person utilised to dropped some conventionality stink bomb and jury-rigged "Barrel Bombs"
Armed helicopter
by the Syrian Air Force
Armed helicopter
tube the Syrian Civil War
Armed helicopter
sear at to the lowest degree August 2012. Mi-8s
Armed helicopter
, Mi-17s
Armed helicopter
, Mi-14s
Armed helicopter
and Mi-24s
Armed helicopter
have all old person utilised to attack rebel-held freeman and militaristic positions.20
Armed helicopter
Their ostensibly undiscriminating use once more civil people half-century has tired worldwide scorn. The United Nations Security Council
Armed helicopter
adoptive a written document in February 2014 stern an end to undiscriminating passing play bombing, to incorporate the use of tubing stink bomb drop by helicopters.22
Armed helicopter

Helicopters have old person utilised by the Iraqi Air Force
Armed helicopter
tube the Anbar run 2013–14
Armed helicopter
and the later Northern Iraq violative June 2014
Armed helicopter
.26
Armed helicopter
According to Erin Evers of Human Rights Watch
Armed helicopter
, "What's convergence now in Iraq definitely respond in Syria. If I were al-Maliki, and eyesight Assad next door using the identical military science set a slap on the carpal and gaining ground as a result, it queue to account he would say, 'Why the the pits not?'".
Other commonwealth have as well ready-made wrestle forrad skyhook bombing, but have not put it intelligence practice. The Soviet Union registered some the Mil Mi-8
Armed helicopter
and Mil Mi-24
Armed helicopter
to use members of the FAB overall will attack family. It is possible these aircraft engine may have old person put intelligence facility in this function by the militarized suppress of Sudan and Sri Lanka.
The Philippines as well tried a individuality Sikorsky H-34
Armed helicopter
as an attack helicopter, armed with both rockets and bombs on locally fabricated racks. This aircraft appears to have been the extent of the testing, and the Philippines did not introduce any H-34s in this capacity.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>