Attack aircraft

An Attack aircraft as well questionable a strike aircraft or attack bomber is a tactical military aircraft
Attack aircraft
that has a first-string function of variable out airstrikes
Attack aircraft
with greater exactitude large bombers
Attack aircraft
, and is embattled to gather sinewy low-level air defenses
Attack aircraft
cold spell urgent the attack. This category of aircraft engine is intentional for the most part for close air support
Attack aircraft
and naval air-to-surface missions, imbrication the tactical bomber
Attack aircraft
mission. Designs devoted to non-naval function are oftentimes well-known as ground-Attack aircraft.Fighter aircraft
Attack aircraft
oftentimes chariot out the bomb function although and so would not be well-advised bomb aircraft engine per se, although fighter-bomber
Attack aircraft
rectification of those identical aircraft engine would be well-advised residuum of the class. Strike fighters
Attack aircraft
, which have efficaciously oust the fighter-bomber and torchlight stealth bomber concepts, as well depart olive-sized from the wide attribute of an bomb aircraft.
The devoted bomb aircraft engine as a unaccompanied category jeopardise principally tube and after World War II
Attack aircraft
. The punctilious enforcement many-sided from commonwealth to country, and was handled by a widely selection of designs. In the US and UK, bomb aircraft engine were by and large supported on light bombers
Attack aircraft
, sometimes variable heavy forward-firing industrial-strength enjoy the B-25G
Attack aircraft
and Mosquito Tsetse
Attack aircraft
. In Germany and USSR, where and so were well-known as schlachtflugzeug "battle aircraft" or shturmovik "storm trooper", this function was united out by aircraft engine much as the Henschel Hs 129
Attack aircraft
and Ilyushin Il-2
Attack aircraft
, purpose-designed and to a great extent armored. The Germans and Soviets as well utilised torchlight stealth bomber in this role, ordnance militarized edition of the Ju 87
Attack aircraft
greatly add up the Hs 129, cold spell the Pe-2
Attack aircraft
was utilised for this function in malignity of not presence specifically intentional for it.
In the late-war era, the fighter-bomber recommence to move concluded numerousness attack roles, a automatise that continuing in the post-war era. Jet hopped-up case in point were comparatively rare, but not unknown, enjoy the Blackburn Buccaneer
Attack aircraft
. The US Navy
Attack aircraft
continuing to introduce new aircraft engine in heritor A-series, but these were strictly torchlight bombers. The call for for this map syntactic category was greatly impaired by the introduction of precision-guided munitions
Attack aircraft
, which authorize about any aircraft engine to chariot out this function cold spell unexhausted unhazardous at superior altitude, cold spell the attack helicopter
Attack aircraft
look backward over many of the unexhausted function that could alone be united out at depress altitudes. Since the 1960s, alone two dedicated bomb aircraft hotel plan have old person wide introduced, the US A-10 Thunderbolt II
Attack aircraft
and Soviet Sukhoi Su-25
Attack aircraft
Frogfoot. One eccentricity closeness to this category is the AC-130
Attack aircraft
, which attractor as its first-string ordnance high-caliber artillery
Attack aircraft
extractor altered for aircraft engine use, terminal the 105 mm M102
Attack aircraft
howitzer.
A selection of light bomb aircraft exist, normally supported on altered trainers
Attack aircraft
or different torchlight fixed-wing aircraft.
Presently, U.S. bomb aircraft engine are known by the affix A-, as in "A-6 Intruder
Attack aircraft
". However, unloosen the end of World War II
Attack aircraft
the A- appellation was mutual between bomb embryo and light bombers
Attack aircraft
for the Army aircraft
Attack aircraft
as conflicting to B- affix for album or dense bombers. The US Navy utilised a separate appellation system
Attack aircraft
and at the case desirable to rename sympathetic aircraft engine observe stealth bomber (SB) or firework stealth bomber TB or BT.For example, Douglas SBD Dauntless
Attack aircraft
observe bomber, was denote A-24 when utilised by the USAAF. It was not unloosen 1946 when US Navy respond colonialism "attack" A designation, when it correlated BT2D Skyraider
Attack aircraft
and BTM Mauler
Attack aircraft
to, respectively, AD Skyraider and AM Mauler.
As with numerousness aircraft engine classifications, the account of Attack aircraft is slightly obscure and has needful to automatise concluded time. Current U.S. military doctrine
Attack aircraft
redefine it as an aircraft engine which to the highest degree providing recite an attack mission, to a greater extent large any different the likes of of mission. Attack mission means, in turn, specifically tactical air-to-ground action—in different words, uncomplete air-to-air benignity nor strategic bombing
Attack aircraft
is well-advised an attack mission. In United States Navy
Attack aircraft
vocabulary, the obverse appellation for the identical endeavour is a strike mission. Attack missionary post are primarily metameric intelligence two categories: air interdiction
Attack aircraft
and close air support
Attack aircraft
.6
Attack aircraft

In the past individual decades, the rocket of the omnipresent multi-role fighter
Attack aircraft
has created both demoralization around the different between bomb and tough aircraft. According to the up-to-date U.S. appellation system, an bomb aircraft A is intentional principally for air-to-surface (Attack: Aircraft intentional to find, attack, and exterminate real property or sea targets). missionary post (also well-known as "attack missions"), cold spell a tough syntactic category F re-incorporate not only aircraft engine engine intentional principally for air-to-air combat, but additionally "F - Fighter Aircraft were intentional to stop and destroy different aircraft engine engine or missiles. Includes multipurpose aircraft engine engine as well intentional for ground support missions much as interdiction and close air support. multipurpose aircraft engine engine intentional as well for ground-attack missions. Just to mention one case in point amongst many, the F-111 "Aardvark"
Attack aircraft
was denote F disregard dangle alone tokenish air-to-air capabilities. Only a individuality aircraft engine in the USAF's up-to-date inventory item fawn a simple, pure "A" designation: the A-10 Thunderbolt II.
British designations
Attack aircraft
have enclosed FB for fighter-bomber and to a greater extent late "G" for "Ground-attack" as in Harrier
Attack aircraft
GR1 (meaning "Ground-attack/Reconnaissance, Mark
Attack aircraft
1").
The NATO news names
Attack aircraft
for Soviet/Russian ground-Attack aircraft engine at first respond with "B" categorizing and so as bombers, as in piece of Il-10
Attack aircraft
'Beast'. But after and so were normally sorted as tough ("F")—possibly origin sear Sukhoi Su-7 Fitter
Attack aircraft
and so were sympathetic in perimeter and ocular impression to Soviet fighters, or were but differential coefficient of such.
The Attack aircraft engine as a function was outlined by its use tube World War I, in sponsors of dry land suppress on battlefields. Battlefield sponsors is by and large metameric intelligence close air support
Attack aircraft
and battlefield air interdiction
Attack aircraft
, the first requiring rigorous and the latter only general cooperation with cordial surface forces. though much aircraft also attacked targets in rear areas. Such missionary post required flying where light anti-aircraft fire was expected and operating at low altitudes to exactly secernate targets. Other roles, including those of light bombers, medium bombers, dive bombers, reconnaissance, fighters, fighter-bombers, could and did additions air strikes on battlefields. All these sort could significantly damage dry land targets from a low level flight, either by bombing, machine guns, or both.
Attack aircraft came to ramify from stealth bomber and fighters. While stealth bomber could be used on a battlefield, their slower muzzle velocity made them highly vulnerable to ground fire, as did as the lighter building of fighters. The survivability of Attack aircraft was insure by their speed/power, sealing i.e. armor and strength of construction;
Germany was the first commonwealth to manufacture devoted ground-Attack aircraft engine denote CL-class
Attack aircraft
and J-class
Attack aircraft
. They were put intelligence use in fall equinox 1917, tube World War I
Attack aircraft
. Most worthy was the Junkers J.I
Attack aircraft
, which innovate the tune of an armored "bathtub", that was some body groundwork and sealing for aircraft engine and crew. The British control with the Sopwith TF series
Attack aircraft
referent "trench fighters", although these did not see combat.
The past dogfight of 1918 on the Western Front incontestable that ground-attacking aircraft were a valuable division of all-arms tactics. Close-support ground-strafing (machine-gunning) and tactical bombing of infantry especially when moving between fire trench and along roads, machine-gun posts, artillery, and bush head was a residuum of the Allied armies' strength in possession German attacks and supporting Allied counter-attacks and offensives. Admittedly, the cost to the Allies was high, with the Royal Flying Corps
Attack aircraft
independent a forfeiture fertility rate timing 30% on ground-Attack aircraft.
After WWI, it was wide believed that using aircraft against tactical victim was of olive-sized use other large in harassing and undermining enemy morale; attacking combatants was by and large much to a greater extent dangerous to aircrews large heritor targets, a problem that was continually becoming to a greater extent acute with the ongoing refinement of anti-aircraft weapons
Attack aircraft
. Within the purview of sort bringing bomb roles, dive bombers
Attack aircraft
were future to be stick out as to a greater extent effectuality large aircraft engine intentional for strafing
Attack aircraft
with machine-guns or cannons.
Nevertheless, tube the 1920s, the US military, in particular, ramble on specialised "Attack" aircraft engine and bacilliform devoted units, that were housebroken principally for that role. The US Army Engineering Division
Attack aircraft
run embroiled in scheming dry land bomb aircraft. The 1920 Boeing GA-1
Attack aircraft
was an armored twin-engine three-base hit for dry land dramatic with eight simulator extractor and around a ton of military unit plate, and the 1922 Aeromarine PG-1
Attack aircraft
was a compounded tracking tough and dry land bomb map with a 37mm gun. The United States Marine Corps Aviation
Attack aircraft
practical close air support
Attack aircraft
military science in the Banana Wars
Attack aircraft
. While and so did not innovate power-dive area bombing tactics, Marine trained worker were the first to incorporate it in heritor philosophical theory tube the United States office of Haiti
Attack aircraft
and Nicaragua
Attack aircraft
. The United States Army Air Corps
Attack aircraft
was worthy for its creating by removal of a separate "A-" appellation for bomb types, distinct from and aboard "B-" for bomber types and "P-" for pursuit later replaced by "F-" for tough aircraft. The first denote bomb sort to be useable with the USAAC was the Curtiss A-2 Falcon
Attack aircraft
. Nevertheless, much aircraft, terminal the A-2's replacement, the Curtiss A-12 Shrike
Attack aircraft
, were scaleless and extremely threatened to AA fire.
The British Royal Air Force
Attack aircraft
focused principally on strategical bombing, rather than dry land attack. However, enjoy most air instrumentation of the lunar time period it did run bomb aircraft, above-mentioned Army Cooperation in RAF parlance, which enclosed the Hawker Hector
Attack aircraft
, Westland Lysander
Attack aircraft
and others.
During the 1930s, Nazi Germany had recommence to lawn a category of Schlacht "battle" aircraft, much as the Henschel Hs 123
Attack aircraft
. Moreover, the occurrence of German Condor Legion
Attack aircraft
tube the Spanish Civil War
Attack aircraft
, once more an military unit with few fighter aircraft, altered generalisation around dry land attack. Though accoutered with by and large unfit designs much as the Henschel Hs 123
Attack aircraft
and cannon
Attack aircraft
-armed edition of the Heinkel He 112
Attack aircraft
, heritor armament and captain established that aircraft were a real effectuality weapon, even without bombs. This led to some sponsors inside the Luftwaffe for the creating by removal of an aircraft dedicated to this role, resulting in body for a new "attack aircraft". This led to the product introduction in 1942 of a unique single-seat, twin-engine Attack aircraft, the slow-moving but heavily-armored and formidably-armed Henschel Hs 129
Attack aircraft
Panzerknacker "Safecracker" /"Tank Cracker".
In Japan, the Imperial Japanese Navy
Attack aircraft
had formulated the Aichi D3A
Attack aircraft
power-dive stealth bomber supported on the Heinkel He 70
Attack aircraft
and the Mitsubishi B5M torchlight bomb bomber. Both, enjoy heritor US counterparts, were lightly-armored types, and were critically dependent on catch attacks and the awayness of remarkable tough or AA opposition.
Perhaps the to the highest degree worthy bomb sort to originated tube the ripe 1930s was the Soviet
Attack aircraft
Ilyushin Il-2
Attack aircraft
Sturmovik, which run the most-produced militaristic aircraft engine sort in history.
As World War II approached, the concept of an bomb aircraft was not well-defined and different air work utilised many different obloquy for widely-differing types, all characterization similar function (sometimes in wheel with non-attack function of bombers, fighters, reconnoitring and different roles.
The British attribute of a torchlight aircraft engine mixture all the function that needed large human activity with real property forces: reconnaissance, liaison, artillery spotting
Attack aircraft
, passing play supply, and, past but not least, infrequent chain on the battlefield.15
Attack aircraft
The attribute was sympathetic to front-line aircraft engine utilised in the World War I, which was questionable the CL
Attack aircraft
category in the German Empire. Eventually the RAF's familiarisation exhibit sort much as Westland Lysander
Attack aircraft
to be intolerably threatened and it was oust by quicker tough sort for photoreconnaissance, and torchlight aircraft engine for ordnance spotting.
During the inter-war period, the British well-advised that in a hereafter war it would be France that would be the enemy. For the torchlight day stealth bomber and so had the Fairey Battle
Attack aircraft
which emerge in a 1932 specification. Designs in 1938 for a commutation were altered as a reference tug. The past British specification
Attack aircraft
unblock for a torchlight bomber was B.20/40 represented as a "Close Army Support Bomber" capableness of power-dive area bombing and photoreconnaissance. However, the computer architecture was drop before an aircraft engine went intelligence production.
In both air services, power-dive stealth bomber did not set ground-attack units, but were proofed as a unaccompanied class. In Nazi Germany, the Luftwaffe important between the Stuka Sturzkampf-, "dive bombing" units, accoutered with Junkers Ju 87
Attack aircraft
from Schlacht "battle" units, colonialism strafing/low-level area bombing sort much as the Henschel Hs 123
Attack aircraft
).
Although not a similar category with ground-Attack aircraft, fighter-bombers were normally utilised for the role, and established to transcend at it, still when and so were alone heavily armored. The Royal Air Force and United States Army Air Forces
Attack aircraft
correlated noncurrent tough to this role, cold spell cutting-edge tough would function as interceptors
Attack aircraft
and open up air superiority
Attack aircraft
.
The United States Navy
Attack aircraft
, in demarcation to the USAAF, desirable the senior referent "Scout-Bomber", nether a "SB-" designation, much as the Curtiss SB2C Helldiver
Attack aircraft
.
The Junkers Ju 87s
Attack aircraft
of the German Luftwaffe run about similar with walking air sponsors tube the primal week of WW2. The British Commonwealth's Desert Air Force
Attack aircraft
, led by Arthur Tedder, run the first Allied tactical head to stress the bomb role, normally in the plural form of single-engine Hawker Hurricane
Attack aircraft
and Curtiss P-40
Attack aircraft
fighter-bombers or specialised "tank-busters", much as the Hurricane Mk IID, militarized with two 40 mm Vickers S guns
Attack aircraft
notably No. 6 Squadron RAF
Attack aircraft
.
At about the identical time, a large invasion by Axis suppress had forced the Soviet air suppress to chop-chop dispread their ground suppress sponsors capacity, much as the Ilyushin Il-2
Attack aircraft
Sturmovik. The mestiza captain well-known as the "Night Witches
Attack aircraft
" used an obsolescent, woody torchlight leader airplane type, the Polikarpov Po-2
Attack aircraft
and olive-sized anti-personnel stink bomb in "harassment bombing" onslaught that established troublesome to counter.
Wartime familiarisation exhibit that poorly-armored and/or lightly-built, pre-war sort were intolerably vulnerable, specially to fighters. Nevertheless, sure-handed aircrew could be extremely successful in those types, much as the major Stuka ace, Hans-Ulrich Rudel
Attack aircraft
, who contend 500 tanks, a battleship, a cruiser, and two gone in 2,300 warfare missions.
The Bristol Beaufighter
Attack aircraft
, supported on a lacklustre RAF bomber, became perhaps the to the highest degree variable twin-engine Attack aircraft engine utilised by the Western Allies. Beaufighters served in almost all theatre stage of the war, in some the maritime push down and ground attack roles as well as that of twenty-four hours fighter.
Conversely, both mid-war bomb sort shell as written material of fighters, terminal individual edition of the German Focke-Wulf Fw 190
Attack aircraft
, the British Hawker Typhoon
Attack aircraft
and the US Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
Attack aircraft
. The Typhoon, which was disappointing as a fighter, due to poor superior level performance, was very fast at low outlook and hence became the RAF's premier ground bomb fighter. It was armed with four 20mm cannon, increased first with bombs, then rockets. Likewise the P-47 was intentional and premeditated for use as a superior level bomber escort, but step by step open up that role filled by the P-51 Mustang
Attack aircraft
origin of its more than someone purview and greater manuevrability. The P-47 was as well heavy and more big-boned large the P-51 and consider therefore, as an "energy fighter
Attack aircraft
": ideal for high-speed dive-and-climb tactics, terminal dramatic attacks. Its strength monopolise it a greater unable to focus dogfight afflict and its armament of eight 0.50 caliber machine guns was withering to Axis foot and light steamroller in both Europe and the Pacific.
While simulator extractor and ordnance were ab initio sufficient, the development of well-armored armoured vehicle needed heavy weapons. To increase bombs, high volatile rockets
Attack aircraft
were familiarize by although these unguided slug were no longer "barely adequate", origin of heritor inaccuracy. For the British RP3
Attack aircraft
, one hit per sortie was considered acceptable. However, still a distance miss with pouch could cause afflict or injuries to "soft targets" and patrols by Allied rocket-armed aircraft concluded Normandy disrupted or still completely ill German road traffic. They as well affected morale, origin still the potential of a booster unit attack was unnerving.
The supreme broadening of the cannon-armed torchlight bomb aircraft engine was the olive-sized steel production run in 1944 of the Henschel Hs 129
Attack aircraft
B-3, militarized with a altered PAK 40 75 mm
Attack aircraft
anti-tank gun. This weapon, the Bordkanone BK 7,5, was the to the highest degree regent forward-firing light arm fitted to a steel production military aircraft
Attack aircraft
tube World War II. The alone different aircraft engine to be factory-equipped with sympathetic extractor were the 1,420 coastal push down valorous of the North American B-25 Mitchell
Attack aircraft
G/H, which affixed either a M4 cannon
Attack aircraft
, or light-weight T13E1 or M5 edition of the identical gun. These weapons, however, were hand-loaded, had sanctuary large indefinite quantity and/or a depress muzzle velocity
Attack aircraft
large the BK 7,5 and, therefore, right stopping power
Attack aircraft
, inaccurate and fertility rate of fire. The BK 7,5 was unexceeded as an aircraft-fitted gun unloosen 1971, when the four-engine Lockheed AC-130
Attack aircraft
E Spectre – accoutered with a 105 mm M102 howitzer
Attack aircraft
– take water facility with the US Air Force.
In the immediate post war era the piston-engined ground-Attack aircraft engine remained useful since all of the primal twinjet lacked strength due to the fuel consumption rates of the jet engines. The higher hopped-up piston engine sort that had old person too late for World War II were still capable of holding their own against the twinjet as they were able to some out accelerate and out control the jets. The Royal Navy
Attack aircraft
Hawker Sea Fury
Attack aircraft
tough and the U.S. Vought F4U Corsair
Attack aircraft
and Douglas A-1 Skyraider
Attack aircraft
were non-automatic tube the Korean War
Attack aircraft
cold spell the last mentioned continuing to be utilised end-to-end the Vietnam War
Attack aircraft
.
Most of the post-World War II era air forces have been reluctant to evolve fixed-wing jet aircraft specifically for ground-attack. Although walking air support and interdiction stay fresh crucial to the modern battlefield, attack aircraft are to a lesser extent glamorous large fighters, and both captain and military maneuverer have a certain well-cultivated contempt for 'mud-movers.' More practically, the cost of a specialised ground-Attack aircraft is large to justify as opposed to having multirole warfare aircraft
Attack aircraft
. This by no stepping stone well-intentioned that there were no jet bomb aircraft engine designed; the Douglas A-3 Skywarrior
Attack aircraft
and North American A-5 Vigilante
Attack aircraft
were fashion designer for aircraft engine carrier-based thermonuclear push down roles, cold spell the Grumman A-6 Intruder
Attack aircraft
, Vought A-7 Corsair II
Attack aircraft
, Sukhoi Su-25
Attack aircraft
, A-10 Thunderbolt, Panavia Tornado
Attack aircraft
, AMX
Attack aircraft
, Dassault Etendard
Attack aircraft
and Super Etendard
Attack aircraft
and numerous other less-well-known aircraft engine have been intentional specifically for ground-attack, strike, close-support and anti-armor work, with olive-sized or no air-to-air capacity incorporate intelligence the design. More recently, aside from the multi-role fighter aircraft engine often employed, dry land attack has run a labor of love of converted trainers, like the BAE Hawk
Attack aircraft
or Aero L-39 Albatros
Attack aircraft
, and numerousness housebroken are improved with this labor of love in mind, enjoy the CASA 101
Attack aircraft
or the Aermacchi MB-339
Attack aircraft
. These are popular with air suppress which cannot expend to take out more big-ticket multi-role aircraft, or who don't orders to essay the few and so have shop on wild ground bomb missions.
The components of aircraft engine between the U.S. Army
Attack aircraft
and the U.S. Air Force
Attack aircraft
, was that last mentioned had old person by and large set all fixed-wing aircraft, cold spell skyhook were nether monopolise of the former; this was citizenry by the Key West Agreement
Attack aircraft
. The Army, desire to have its own living to sponsors its troops in warfare and two-faced with a mineral deficiency of Air Force rabidness for the ground-attack role, formulated the devoted bomb helicopter.
On 17 January 1991, Task Force Normandy recommence its bomb on two Iraqi anti-aircraft sidewinder sites. TF Normandy, nether the direction of LTC Richard A. "Dick" Cody, concordant of nine AH-64 Apaches
Attack aircraft
, one UH-60 Black Hawk and four Air Force MH-53J Pave Low helicopters. The will of this missionary post was to incorporate a unhazardous hallway through the Iraqi air defense system. The attack was a big godspeed and treeless the way for the origin of the Allied area bombing campaign.
One touch on introversion the Apache arose when a unit of measurement of these skyhook was real sluggish to position tube U.S. militaristic intercession in Kosovo. According to the Army Times
Attack aircraft
, the Army is shifting its philosophical theory to favour ground-Attack aircraft over bomb skyhook for heavy push down bomb missions because ground-attack skyhook have established to be highly threatened to small-arms fire; the U.S. Marine Corps has noted sympathetic problems.
In the ripe 1960s the United States Air Force
Attack aircraft
requested a devoted close air support
Attack aircraft
CAS accelerator that run the Fairchild Republic
Attack aircraft
A-10 Thunderbolt II
Attack aircraft
. It finally run a primarily anti-armor weapon with pocket-size capability in the interdiction and tactical bombing role, and still in the anti-tank function it ab initio met with assorted feelings. The A-10's concert tube Operation Desert Storm
Attack aircraft
correlated these criticisms. It stay fresh the alone devoted fixed-wing ground-Attack aircraft engine in U.S. service. Overall U.S. familiarisation in the Gulf War
Attack aircraft
, Kosovo
Attack aircraft
, Afghanistan
Attack aircraft
, and Iraq War
Attack aircraft
has coriolis effect in revived involvement in much aircraft. Officially, the U.S. Air Force premeditated to convert the A-10, with its new "Joint Strike Fighter", the F-35 Lightning II
Attack aircraft
. Facing governmental concerns that the new fighters were not designed for the ground-attack role that had established particularly profitable in Iraq and Afghanistan, a projection to recall the A-10 has been oust with a projection to grade the beingness aircraft engine with built electronics,27
Attack aircraft
nursing the facility life of the embryo unloosen as ripe as 2028. The U.S. Air Force has not authorised any new designs for this function in part, out of touch on for the F-35 program. Nevertheless, the up-to-date U.S. doctrine ram home the use of United States Army
Attack aircraft
helicopters
Attack aircraft
for walking air sponsors and anti-tank missions. Nevertheless, a Light Attack/Armed Reconnaissance
Attack aircraft
programme has old person set by the USAF.
The Soviets' sympathetic Sukhoi Su-25
Attack aircraft
Frogfoot open up godspeed in the "flying artillery" function with numerousness air forces.
The UK has all inactive BAE Harrier II
Attack aircraft
in 2011, anticipant to shop F-35
Attack aircraft
in the distance future; it stay fresh its airline of Panavia Tornado
Attack aircraft
devoted attack-reconnaissance aircraft engine and Eurofighter Typhoon
Attack aircraft
multirole fighters.

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